Medical Health Services and Benefits offered by Government of India

Explore India's Government Health Services and Benefits - Your Comprehensive Guide to Enhanced Lives. Discover how healthcare schemes and policies empower citizens, ensuring access to affordable and quality healthcare. Unlock the key to better health and well-being in India.


10/26/20233 min read

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Enhancing Lives: A Comprehensive Guide to Government Health Services and Benefits in India


Access to healthcare is a fundamental right, and the Government of India has introduced a range of healthcare schemes and policies to serve the common and economically disadvantaged masses. These initiatives are designed to enhance the overall well-being and health of citizens throughout the country. In this article, we will explore various government health services and benefits available in India, providing essential information and links to help you access these programs.

1. Ayushman Bharat Pradhan Mantri Jan Arogya Yojana (AB-PMJAY)

Overview: The Ayushman Bharat Pradhan Mantri Jan Arogya Yojana (AB-PMJAY) is one of the world's largest government-funded healthcare programs, offering coverage for secondary and tertiary hospitalization to over 10 crore economically disadvantaged families.


  • Cashless hospitalization at empanelled hospitals.

  • Coverage of up to Rs. 5 lakhs per family per year for specified secondary and tertiary hospitalization.

  • Coverage for pre-existing conditions.


2. National Health Mission (NHM)

Overview: Launched in 2005, the National Health Mission aims to provide accessible, affordable, and quality healthcare in both rural and urban areas, with a particular focus on maternal and child health.


  • Various programs, including Janani Suraksha Yojana and National Urban Health Mission.

  • Free essential medicines and diagnostic services at government health facilities.

  • Accredited Social Health Activists (ASHAs) provide community-level healthcare.


  • Visit the NHM's official website.

  • Check with your local healthcare centre for specific programs available in your area.

3. Rashtriya Swasthya Bima Yojana (RSBY)

Overview: The Rashtriya Swasthya Bima Yojana, introduced in 2008, offers health insurance to families below the poverty line.


  • Coverage for hospitalization and surgeries.

  • Smart card-based cashless treatment at empanelled hospitals.

  • Coverage for pre-existing conditions.


4. Pradhan Mantri Surakshit Matritva Abhiyan (PMSMA)

Overview: The Pradhan Mantri Surakshit Matritva Abhiyan (PMSMA) focuses on providing antenatal care to pregnant women, emphasizing early and comprehensive check-ups.


  • Free antenatal check-ups for pregnant women.

  • Diagnostic services and health education.

  • Aims to reduce maternal mortality rates.


  • Inquire about PMSMA camps at local healthcare facilities.

5. Jan Aushadhi Scheme

Overview: The Jan Aushadhi Scheme offers affordable generic medicines to the masses.


  • Quality generic medicines at significantly reduced prices.

  • A widespread network of Jan Aushadhi Kendras across the country.

  • Cost savings on healthcare expenses.


  • Locate your nearest Jan Aushadhi Kendra using the store locator.

  • Purchase medicines directly from these outlets.

6. Integrated Child Development Services (ICDS)

Overview: The Integrated Child Development Services (ICDS) is a welfare scheme aimed at improving the health and nutrition of children below the age of six.


  • Nutritious meals, health check-ups, and immunization for children.

  • Supplementary nutrition for pregnant and lactating mothers.

  • Early childhood care and development services.


  • Contact the local Anganwadi centre or visit the ICDS portal for program details.

Common Eligibility Criteria:

  1. Residency: You must be an Indian citizen or eligible under specific schemes to access these benefits.

  2. Income Criteria: Most of these programs target economically disadvantaged families, so income criteria are often a determinant for eligibility.

  3. Below Poverty Line (BPL): Some schemes, such as RSBY, specifically target families below the poverty line.

  4. Social Category: Certain programs, like Jan Aushadhi, are available to all social categories.

  5. Age Requirements: Eligibility can vary depending on the scheme and the specific services it provides.

Basic Paperwork Needed:

  1. Proof of Identity: A valid government-issued photo ID, such as an Aadhar card, passport, or voter ID.

  2. Proof of Residence: A utility bill, voter ID, or other documents confirming your place of residence.

  3. Income Certificate: Depending on the scheme, you may need to provide income-related documents or certificates.

  4. BPL Card: If applicable, a Below Poverty Line (BPL) card may be required for certain programs.

  5. Health Records: For specific health-related benefits, you might need to provide relevant health records, prescriptions, or medical certificates.

  6. Pregnancy Confirmation: For maternal health schemes like PMSMA, proof of pregnancy may be required.

  7. Aadhar Card: Having an Aadhar card is essential for availing of many government services.

  8. Passport-size Photographs: Often, a few recent passport-size photographs are necessary for program enrollment or identification.

  9. Bank Account Details: For schemes that provide cash benefits, you might need to link your bank account for direct transfers.

Keep in mind that the required documentation can vary from scheme to scheme, so it's advisable to check the specific eligibility criteria and paperwork needed for the program you wish to apply for. You can also contact local authorities or designated enrollment centres for precise information regarding the documentation required for each scheme.


The Government of India is committed to ensuring that healthcare services are accessible and affordable for all, particularly the common and economically disadvantaged masses. These schemes and policies encompass a wide range of health services, from hospitalization to maternal and child health. By following the provided links and onboarding processes, you can access these programs and take advantage of the benefits they offer. Health is wealth, and these initiatives play a vital role in ensuring a healthier and more prosperous India.